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grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: wstęp

Czasowniki nieregularne to takie, które trzeba po prostu zapamiętać, gdyż ich form w czasach przeszłych nie tworzymy regularnie. Jednak, grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych ułatwi nam zapamiętywanie ich. . Podzielimy je na następujące kategorie:

czasowniki, w których wszystkie formy są takie same

czasowniki, w których druga i trzecia forma są takie same

czasowniki, których wszystkie trzy formy są różne


Czasowniki, w których wszystkie formy są takie same

Czasowniki, w których wszystkie formy są takie same to najprostsza grupa czasowników do opanowania. Wystarczy, nauczyć się formy podstawowej.

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: wszystkie formy takie same

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
bet [bet] bet [bet] bet [bet]
bid [bɪd] bid [bɪd] bid [bɪd]
broadcast [ˈbrɒːdkæst] broadcast [ˈbrɒːdkæst] broadcast [ˈbrɒːdkæst]
burst [bɜːrst] burst [bɜːrst] burst [bɜːrst]
cast [kæst] cast [kæst] cast [kæst]
cost [kɒːst] cost [kɒːst] cost [kɒːst]
cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt] cut [kʌt]
fit [fɪt] fit [fɪt] fit [fɪt]
hit [hɪt] hit [hɪt] hit [hɪt]
hurt [hɜːrt] hurt [hɜːrt] hurt [hɜːrt]
knit [nɪt] knit [nɪt] knit [nɪt]
let [let] let [let] let [let]
put [pʊt] put [pʊt] put [pʊt]
quit [kwɪt] quit [kwɪt] quit [kwɪt]
set [set] set [set] set [set]
shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt] shut [ʃʌt]
spit [spɪt] spit [spɪt] spit [spɪt]
split [splɪt] split [splɪt] split [splɪt]
spread [spred] spread [spred] spread [spred]
upset [ʌpˈset] upset [ʌpˈset] upset [ʌpˈset]

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: druga i trzecia forma są takie same.

W tym przypadku nauka również nie sprawia większych problemów – wystarczy opanować drugą formę i od razu mamy opanowaną również tę trzecią.
Wśród tych czasowników możemy wyróżnić podgrupę czasowników :

zakończonych na -ought lub -aught

czasowniki w drugiej i trzeciej formie są identyczne

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: druga form = trzecia forma z „-ought” i „-aught”.

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
bring [brɪŋ] brought [brɒːt] brought [brɒːt]
buy [baɪ] bought [bɒːt] bought [bɒːt]
catch [kætʃ] caught [kɒːt] caught [kɒːt]
fight [faɪt] fought [fɒːt] fought [fɒːt]
seek [siːk] sought [sɒːt] sought [sɒːt]
teach [tiːtʃ] taught [tɒːt] taught [tɒːt]
think [θɪŋk] thought [θɒːt] thought [θɒːt]

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: druga forma = trzecia forma.

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
B
bend [bend] bent [bent] bent [bent]
bind [baɪnd] bound [baʊnd] bound [baʊnd]
bleed [bliːd] bled [bled] bled [bled]
breed [briːd] bred [bred] bred [bred]
build [bɪld] built [bɪlt] built [bɪlt]
burn [bɜːrn] burnt [bɜːrnt] burnt [bɜːrnt]
C
cling [klɪŋ] clung [klʌŋ] clung [klʌŋ]
creep [kriːp] crept [krept] crept [krept]
D
deal [diːl] dealt [delt] dealt [delt]
dig [dɪɡ] dug [dʌɡ] dug [dʌɡ]
dream [driːm] dreamt [dremt] dreamt [dremt]
F
feed [fiːd] fed [fed] fed [fed]
feel [fiːl] felt [felt] felt [felt]
find [faɪnd] found [faʊnd] found [faʊnd]
flee [fliː] fled [fled] fled [fled]
fling [flɪŋ] flung [flʌŋ] flung [flʌŋ]
G
grind [ɡraɪnd] ground [ɡraʊnd] ground [ɡraʊnd]
H
hang [hæŋ] hung [hʌŋ] hung [hʌŋ]
have [hæv] had [hæd] had [hæd]
hear [hɪr] heard [hɜːrd] heard [hɜːrd]
hold [hoʊld] held [held] held [held]
K
keep [kiːp] kept [kept] kept [kept]
L
lay [leɪ] laid [leɪd] laid [leɪd]
lead [liːd] led [led] led [led]
leave [liːv] left [left] left [left]
lend [lend] lent [lent] lent [lent]
light [laɪt] lit [lɪt] lit [lɪt]
lose [luːz] lost [lɒːst] lost [lɒːst]
M
make [meɪk] made [meɪd] made [meɪd]
mean [miːn] meant [ment] meant [ment]
meet [miːt] met [met] met [met]
P
pay [peɪ] paid [peɪd] paid [peɪd]
R
read [riːd] read [red] read [red]
S
say [seɪ] said [sed] said [sed]
sell [sel] sold [soʊld] sold [soʊld]
send [send] sent [sent] sent [sent]
shine [ʃaɪn] shone [ʃoʊn] shone [ʃoʊn]
shoot [ʃuːt] shot [ʃɑːt] shot [ʃɑːt]
sit [sɪt] sat [sæt] sat [sæt]
sleep [sliːp] slept [slept] slept [slept]
slide [slaɪd] slid [slɪd] slid [slɪd]
spend [spend] spent [spent] spent [spent]
spin [spɪn] spun [spʌn] spun [spʌn]
spoil [spɔɪl] spoilt [spɔɪlt] spoilt [spɔɪlt]
stand [stænd] stood [stʊd] stood [stʊd]
stick [stɪk] stuck [stʌk] stuck [stʌk]
sting [stɪŋ] stung [stʌŋ] stung [stʌŋ]
strike [straɪk] struck [strʌk] struck [strʌk]
string [strɪŋ] strung [strʌŋ] strung [strʌŋ]
sweep [swiːp] swept [swept] swept [swept]
swing [swɪŋ] swung [swʌŋ] swung [swʌŋ]
T
tell [tel] told [toʊld] told [toʊld]
U
understand [ˌʌndərˈstænd] understood [ˌʌndərˈstʊd] understood [ˌʌndərˈstʊd]
W
weep [wiːp] wept [wept] wept [wept]
win [wɪn] won [wʌn] won [wʌn]
wind [waɪnd] wound [waʊnd] wound [waʊnd]
wring [rɪŋ] wrung [rʌŋ] wrung [rʌŋ]

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: wszystkie trzy formy są różne.

Czasowniki, które mają różne formy również możemy pogrupować.

zakończone na -own lub -awn

czasowniki w których następuje zmiana samogłoski

zakończone na -n

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: czasowniki zakończone na -own lub -awn.

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
blow [bloʊ] blew [bluː] blown [bloʊn]
draw [drɒː] drew [druː] drawn [drɒːn]
fly [flaɪ] flew [fluː] flown [floʊn]
grow [ɡroʊ] grew [ɡruː] grown [ɡroʊn]
know [noʊ] knew [nuː] known [noʊn]

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: następuje zmiana samogłoski

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
begin [bɪˈɡɪn] began [bɪˈɡæn] begun [bɪˈɡʌn]
drink [drɪŋk] drank [dræŋk] drunk [drʌŋk]
ring [rɪŋ] rang [ræŋ] rung [rʌŋ]
run [rʌn] ran [ræn] run [rʌn]
stink [stɪŋk] stank [stæŋk] stunk [stʌŋk]
swim [swɪm] swam [swæm] swum [swʌm]

Grupowanie czasowników nieregularnych: czasowniki zakończone na -n

I forma
(infinitive)
II forma
(past tense)
III forma
(past participle)
A
arise [əˈraɪz] arose [əˈroʊz] arisen [əˈrɪzən]
B
beat [biːt] beat [biːt] beaten [ˈbiːtn]
bite [baɪt] bit [bɪt] bitten [ˈbɪtn]
break [breɪk] broke [broʊk] broken [ˈbroʊkən]
C
choose [tʃuːz] chose [tʃoʊz] chosen [ˈtʃoʊzən]
D
drive [draɪv] drove [droʊv] driven [ˈdrɪvən]
F
fall [fɒːl] fell [fel] fallen [ˈfɒːlən]
forbid [fərˈbɪd] forbade [fərˈbeɪd] forbidden [fərˈbɪdn]
forget [fərˈɡet] forgot [fərˈɡɑːt] forgotten [fərˈɡɑːtn]
forgive [fərˈɡɪv] forgave [fərˈɡeɪv] forgiven [fərˈɡɪvən]
forsake [fərˈseɪk] forsook [fərˈsʊk] forsaken [fərˈseɪkən]
freeze [friːz] froze [froʊz] frozen [ˈfroʊzən]
G
get [ɡet] got [ɡɑːt] gotten [ˈɡɑːtn]
give [ɡɪv] gave [ɡeɪv] given [ˈɡɪvən]
P
prove [pruːv] proved [pruːvd] proven [pruːvən]
R
ride [raɪd] rode [roʊd] ridden [ˈrɪdn]
rise [raɪz] rose [roʊz] risen [ˈrɪzən]
S
see [siː] saw [sɒː] seen [siːn]
sew [soʊ] sewed [soʊd] sewn [soʊn]
shake [ʃeɪk] shook [ʃʊk] shaken [ˈʃeɪkən]
show [ʃoʊ] showed [ʃoʊd] shown [ʃoʊn]
sow [soʊ] sowed [soʊd] sown [soʊn]
speak [spiːk] spoke [spoʊk] spoken [ˈspoʊkən]
steal [stiːl] stole [stoʊl] stolen [stoʊlən]
swear [swer] swore [swɔːr] sworn [swɔːrn]
swell [swel] swelled [sweld] swollen [ˈswoʊlən]
T
take [teɪk] took [tʊk] taken [ˈteɪkən]
throw [θroʊ] threw [θruː] thrown [θroʊn]
W
wake [weɪk] woke [woʊk] woken [ˈwoʊkən]
wear [wer] wore [wɔːr] worn [wɔːrn]
write [raɪt] wrote [roʊt] written [ˈrɪtn]

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