Podstawa programowa

Matura poziom podstawowy

Podstawa programowa dla uczniów szkół średnich zawiera zagadnienia, które powinni oni opanować przed podejściem do egzaminu dojrzałości. Egzamin maturalny uczniowie zdają na wybranym przez siebie poziomie: podstawowym lub rozszerzonym.

Na poziomie podstawowym uczniów nie obowiązuje ten sam zakres materiału z gramatyki, co na poziomie rozszerzonym. Uczniowie mają również mniej słownictwa do opanowania. Są sprawdzani pod kątem rozumienia ze słuchu, rozumienia tekstu czytanego i redagowania prostych tekstów użytkowych (np. list, artykuł). Oprócz tego, na tym etapie edukacji powinni umieć swobodnie wypowiadać się w języku angielskim i dlatego też na maturze obowiązkowy jest również egzamin ustny. Zgodnie z podstawą programową maturzysta zdający angielski na poziomie podstawowym powinien być na poziomie B1 według skali CEFR.
  • Bezokolicznik i formy osobowe, np. to sleep, sleeps.
  • Czasowniki posiłkowe, np. be, do, have.
  • Czasowniki modalne i półmodalne:
    • can, np. I can draw very well. You can go without me if you want. Can you help me with the luggage, please? I can’t hear you.
    • could, np. I could read when I was six. I’m sorry but I couldn’t help you yesterday. Could you sing this song for us, please?
    • may, np. May I sit here? My mother may still be at work. You may stay longer if you want.
    • might, np. They might be a little late. Don’t touch it, you might break it.
    • must; have to, np. It must be cold outside. I must do this exercise for tomorrow. You mustn’t smoke in here. We have to make the beds every morning. You didn’t have to help them.
    • will, np. I will study harder this year. Will you do something for me, please? I promise I won’t do that again.
    • shall, np. Shall we go to the seaside this weekend? Shall I help you? What shall we do?
    • would, np. It would be a good idea. Would you like some tea? I wouldn’t like to be in his place
    • should; ought to, np. We should finish the project this week. I ought to be home by 10 p.m. You shouldn’t play with matches.
    • need; need to, np. You needn’t worry about it. You don’t need to go there.
    • used to, np. We used to go to the seaside every weekend when I was a child
  • Konstrukcje czasownikowe:  
    • going to, np. It’s going to rain. What are you going to do about it?  
    • be able to, np. Will you be able to do it tomorrow?  
    • would like to, np. What would you like to order?
  • Czasowniki regularne i nieregularne, np. listen-listened-listened; go-went-gone.
  • Imiesłów czynny i bierny, np. writing, written
  • Czasowniki złożone (phrasal verbs), np. What are you looking for? Turn the radio down, please. My friend came up with a great idea.
  • Czasy gramatyczne:  
    • Present Simple, np. I am from Sweden. The shop is closed on Sundays. I do the shopping here every morning. Their plane lands at 7 p.m. The sun sets in the west. I have a new car. I will call you when the meeting starts.
    • Present Continuous, np. I’m writing an important email. We’re staying in the Rocamar Hotel. I’m getting tired. My parents are leaving on holiday tomorrow. I’m having lunch at the moment.
    • Present Perfect, np. We have just had dinner. I have been here since Monday. It’s the first time I have tried a passion fruit. The show has already finished.
    • Present Perfect Continuous, np. We have been waiting here for ages! How long have you been living in this area? Have you been crying?
    • Past Simple, np. We were a little worried about you. I bought this car yesterday. When she was younger, she was really shy. We went for a walk and then we had dinner in a restaurant.
    • Past Continuous, np. Yesterday at 5 p.m. I was swimming in the ocean. When we arrived, most of the guests were dancing.
    • Past Perfect, np. The train had left before we reached the station. I felt I had been there before.
    • Future Simple, np. We will go on a trip next weekend. I hope it won’t rain tomorrow. I will take this bag, it’s great! When will I see you again? Will you help me? We will get up when we want.
    • Future Continuous, np. I’ll be working at five.
  • Nazwy rzeczy policzalnych, np. a car, an answer i niepoliczalnych, np. money, flour
  • Liczba mnoga rzeczowników, np. a skirt – skirts, a child – children, a wife – wives, a baby – babies, a box – boxes a sheep – sheep, a foot – feet.
  • Rzeczowniki występujące tylko w formie pojedynczej, np. news, advice lub mnogiej, np. trousers, glasses.
  • Sposoby wyrażania posiadania i przynależności, np. the daughter’s wedding, the size of the room.
  • Rodzaj, np. an actor – an actress; a nephew – a niece.
  • Rzeczowniki złożone, np. toothpaste, a mother-in-law, a dance school.
  • Przedimek nieokreślony, np. a house / an umbrella, a yellow box, a bar of chocolate; I have a small garden.
  • Przedimek określony, np. the house of my dreams, the United States, the Himalayas, the table on the right, the most beautiful girl, play the guitar; I have a small garden. In the garden there are different flowers.
  • Przedimek zerowy, np. lunch, furniture, Mount Everest; Dogs and cats are our favourite pets.
  • Stopniowanie regularne i nieregularne, np. tall – taller – the tallest, elegant – more elegant – the most elegant, good – better – the best, little – less – the least.
  • Użycie przymiotników z so i such np. She’s so beautiful. They are such nice people.
  • Przymiotniki dzierżawcze, np. my, your
  • Przymiotniki po czasownikach postrzegania, np. It smells great.
  • Stopniowanie regularne i nieregularne, np. early – earlier – the earliest, much – more – the most
  • Użycie przysłówków:  
    • o dwóch znaczeniowo różnych formach, np. He works too hard. He hardly sleeps. We arrived too late. She has put on weight lately.  
    • too, np. You’re driving too fast.  
    • enough, np. He’s not old enough to go abroad alone.
  • Miejsce przysłówka w zdaniu, np. You are always hungry! She never does the shopping on Sunday. I have never seen the Himalayas. Do it very carefully. My father works very hard.
  • Zaimki osobowe, np. I, you
  • Zaimki dzierżawcze, np. mine, yours
  • Zaimki zwrotne i emfatyczne, np. yourself, themselves
  • Zaimki wskazujące, np. this, these
  • Zaimki pytające, np. what, how, why
  • Zaimek względne, np. who, which, that
  • Zaimki wzajemne, np. each other, one another
  • Zaimki nieokreślone, np.  some, any, no, every i złożenia z nimi  none, either, neither  many, much, few, a few, little, a little  another, other, others, the other, the others  every, each  enough  both, all  either – or, neither – nor
  • Zaimki bezosobowe: you, one
  • Liczebniki główne i porządkowe.
  • Przyimki z określeniami miejsca, czasu, kierunku, odległości, przyczyny, sposobu, np. in London, at 7 p.m., on Sunday, in July, on Saturday evening, by bus, with a pen, to get a reward.
  • Przyimki po rzeczownikach, czasownikach i przymiotnikach, np. interest in, famous for, think of
  • Spójniki, np. and, or, but, if, unless, that, till, until, when, where, while, after, before, as soon as, because, although, however, so, in spite of, despite
  • Zdania oznajmujące:
    • twierdzące, np. I’m seventeen years old. There’s too little time. I have been here before. I’m going to learn Japanese.
    • przeczące, np. I don’t know the answer to this question. I haven’t seen you for ages. There is no food in the fridge. I can’t do anything about it.
  • Zdania pytające, np. How old are you? Where are you going? Who is this cake for? How long does it take to get to the airport? When did the match start? Do you have to do any housework today? What is your room like? What happened?
  • Zdania rozkazujące, np. Put the kettle on. Don’t tell me what to do. Let’s go there together
  • Zdania wykrzyknikowe, np. How nice of you! What a wonderful scenery!
  • Zdania z podmiotem it, np. It’s half past two. It’s getting cloudy. It’s really great here. It makes me happy.
  • Zdania z podmiotem there, np. There are too many people in this room. There weren’t any clouds in the sky when we left. There will be over a thousand people at the concert.
  • Zdania z dwoma dopełnieniami, np. My boyfriend brought me wonderful flowers.
  • Strona bierna, np. It is made of wood. The building was destroyed by the storm. The parcel has just been delivered. The meal will be served in a moment. It must be finished today.
  • Pytania typu question tags, np. He’s English, isn’t he? Give me the book, will you? i dopowiedzenia, np. So do I. Nor/Neither do I.
  • Pytania pośrednie, np. Can you tell me what time it is? Could you tell me where I should turn? I don’t know where everybody is.
  • Mowa zależna, np. My mum said she was tired. The teacher told me to answer the question. The neighbour asked me not to play music too loudly. A doctor wanted to know what was wrong. I wanted to know when the bus would come. I asked mum how many cakes she had bought for the party.
  • Zdania współrzędnie złożone, np. I called my friend and asked him to help me. He came to the meeting but refused to accept our offer.
  • Zdania podrzędnie złożone:
    • podmiotowe, np. What I know about it is confidential.
    • orzecznikowe, np. The problem is that we need help.
    • dopełnieniowe, np. He promised that he would come soon. He’d like everyone to enjoy the party.
    • przydawkowe np. The train that we wanted to take was delayed. My aunt, who has been helping our family for years, is a rich duchess.
    • okolicznikowe:  
      • celu, np. I phoned him (in order) to tell him the news.
      • czasu, np. Say your name when they ask you.
      • miejsca, np. They found themselves where they had never been before.
      • porównawcze, np. Sylvia’s garden isn’t so big as Margaret’s (is). I respect him more than words can say. Jake has as much courage as his older brother (has).
      • przyczyny, np. I lent him the book because he asked me to. As it was quite late, we went straight home.
      • przyzwolenia, np. Although he was big and strong, he didn’t want to fight.
      • skutku, np. I worked till late so I was tired.
      • sposobu, np. Do as I tell you.
  • Zdania warunkowe (typu 0, I, II), np. If you enter the room, an alarm goes off. If it rains tomorrow, we will stay at home. If he changed his ways, he’d have more friends.
  • Zdania wyrażające życzenie, preferencje lub przypuszczenie
    • wish, np. I wish you were here.
    • it’s time, np. It’s (high) time he found a job.  
    • had better, np. You’d better (not) come tomorrow.  
    • would rather, np. I would rather (not) go there.
  • Konstrukcje bezokolicznikowe, np. I promise to write every day. It’s difficult for me to decide. I want you to do it. I’m glad to see you. I have many letters to write. I’d prefer to fly rather than travel by bus. Will you let me go there? Don’t make me laugh.
    • oraz gerundialne, np. I enjoy swimming and sunbathing. I couldn’t help reading your message. I was excited about getting birthday presents. I prefer skiing to snowboarding. I couldn’t remember writing the letter. I heard him singing.
  • Konstrukcja have/get something done, np. He had his room painted yesterday. I must get it done tomorrow.

Kursy zgodne z poziomami biegłości językowej Rady Europy (CEFR).

Kursy zgodne z poziomami biegłości językowej Rady Europy (CEFR).

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